Online Articles

A Crash Course on Hybrid Warfare Contemporary wars are different from the ones we witnessed in the preceding centuries. The fundamental characteristics and conducts of armed conflicts have entered a new paradigm in which the state is not the only target of warfare. Instead, we have...

For over 70 years, art. 9 of the Japanese constitution has guaranteed Japan’s pacifism and contributed towards peaceful conflict resolution in a dangerous region. Currently, Japanese policy makers struggle to deal with a resurgent China, an unpredictable regime in North Korea and a vital, yet...

New country, old games Russia’s active measures and hybrid warfare strategy in the Cold war and now. By Matthijs Olde MSc Hybrid warfare is back on the agenda. The Russian government uses this strategy to influence foreign political campaigns, public opinions abroad and international violent conflicts, by employing...

By Willemijn Bertels The EU plans to ban the top 10 single use plastic items that are most often found in the sea. Or, in any case, those items for which “alternatives are readily available and affordable”. The consumption and production of other single use plastics...

By Alba LéonIt is becoming apparent that the liberal democratic ideal is having a hard time, all around the world. In many countries, governments have become synonymous with their charismatic rulers. From Russia to the Philippines, from Viktor Orbán’s Hungary to Venezuela’s Maduro, these strong...