Online Articles

By Tim Driessen General background of political history Latin America The region we today call Latin America developed into its current form largely during the Colonial Period, with Spain and Portugal as the main actors from 1492 to 1826. Within this timeframe, Spain and Portugal managed to...

By Giles Longley-Cook People have been predicting the imminent end of the Syrian Civil war almost since it started, sometimes rashly, sometimes sensibly until an unexpected development renders their prediction obsolete.  Nonetheless, all but the most deluded Neocons must surely now concede that Syria’s civil war is,...

By Ruşen Koç          As the past decades have been characterized by a growing awareness of the ecological impact of environmental change, scholars have identified several violent consequences linked to the environment. They have identified poverty traps as a result of environmental change and civil conflict.[1] These...

Will the Coronavirus pandemic hasten deglobalisation?  By Emanuel Skoog Humanity is presently facing an international crisis – perhaps the greatest, all-encompassing of our generation [1]. The spread of the Coronavirus globally is alarming, however, not unexpected since globalisation creates universal risks. With travel, finance, commerce, cyber, and other...

By Steven van der Plas and David Mendelsohn Political instability and socio-economic uncertainty have led over four million Venezuelans to leave their country in search of a better future. The largest recorded refugee crisis in the whole of the Americas has put tremendous pressure on the...

Will the corona pandemic lead to an ever-closer euro-zone integration?  By Emanuel Skoog The French political economist, diplomat, and one of the founding fathers of the European Union Jean Monnet made the argument that “Europe will be forged in crises” [1]. European governments continuously try to organize resources needed...

China’s quest to gain an advantage within the domain  By Emanuel Skog At the start of the 2017 school year Russian schoolchildren watched President Putin’s televised address outlining that “artificial intelligence (AI) is the future, not only of Russia, but of all mankind’’ [1]. Furthermore, he argued that “whoever becomes the...